Inquiry Now

Vacuum Casting


Vacuum casting is a metal manufacturing process that involves casting in a vacuum environment to reduce oxygen and impurities, resulting in high-quality castings.

Advantages of vacuum casting:


High-quality castings: Casting in a vacuum environment effectively reduces the contamination of oxygen and impurities, resulting in high-purity and porosity-free castings.



Thin-walled casting: Vacuum casting allows for the manufacturing of thin-walled components, providing greater design freedom and lightweight products.



Manufacturing complex shapes: Vacuum casting can produce complex-shaped parts with internal cavities and intricate details, with good dimensional accuracy and surface quality.



Low-temperature casting: Casting in a vacuum environment allows the use of low-temperature release agents, reducing the risk of damage to parts due to high temperatures. It also enables the casting of high-melting-point materials.


Disadvantages of vacuum casting:


High equipment cost: Vacuum casting requires specialized vacuum equipment and facilities, resulting in higher equipment and maintenance costs.



Longer cycle time: The casting process in a vacuum environment requires longer cycle times due to the need to maintain stability and quality control.


Vacuum casting process:


Mold preparation: Prepare molds suitable for vacuum casting based on the shape and size of the components.



Material preparation: Prepare suitable metal raw materials and melt them into a liquid state.



Establishment of vacuum environment: Place the molten metal and molds in a vacuum device to create the required vacuum environment.



Injection and filling: Inject the molten metal into the mold and maintain a certain injection speed and pressure to ensure complete filling.



Solidification and cooling: After the metal is filled, wait for it to cool and solidify, transforming it into a solid casting.



Demolding and cleaning: Remove the solidified casting from the mold and perform subsequent cleaning and processing, such as removing residual impurities and surface treatments.



Heat treatment (optional): Optionally, subject the casting to heat treatment to adjust the material’s properties and structure.



Inspection and correction: Conduct rigorous inspection and testing of the casting to ensure its quality and dimensional compliance. Make any necessary corrections or adjustments if needed.


In summary, vacuum casting offers the ability to produce high-quality castings, thin-walled castings, and complex shapes. However, it is associated with higher equipment costs and longer cycle times. Understanding the advantages, disadvantages, and process of vacuum casting helps in making informed decisions and applying this technology effectively, thereby improving production efficiency and product quality.


Send Enquiry